The secret of wild animal breeding industry chain: some people collect fur and send it to the slaughterhouse.

  In the past few days, many departments have repeatedly issued announcements prohibiting any form of wildlife trading. Many places have also isolated places for raising and breeding wild animals. However, according to the first financial reporter, there are still loopholes in "refusing to eat game".

  A number of people in the industry reported to the First Financial Reporter that over the years, wild animal bodies such as fox meat, mink meat and raccoon meat from farms have been sent to slaughterhouses or small workshops to be processed into roast sausages or ham sausages. In some professional journals, there are even experts who guide how to process the meat of these wild animals into delicious food and sell it on the market.

  Secrets in the industry?

  Changli County, Hebei Province has nearly 30 years of fox, raccoon dog and mink breeding foundation, and the fur industry has become a local characteristic industry. The total number of breeding remains at around 8 million, accounting for one tenth of the country, and the total output of raccoon dogs ranks first in the country.

  Changli County is also the largest fur trade center in China, with an annual trade of 15 million fur and 500,000 live animals, with an annual output value of 8 billion to 10 billion yuan. Changli County was awarded the title of "China fur industry base" and "China raccoon dog breeding hometown" by the Specialty Society of China Agricultural Society. The county has formed a complete industrial chain of mink and raccoon breeding, improved seed breeding, feed and veterinary drugs, commerce, processing and logistics.

  When the first financial reporter interviewed in the local area, a person in charge of a farm said: "Some people bought fur and some people wanted meat, and sent it to the meat joint factory." When the reporter asked further, the other party seemed a little nervous and just said, "This is a secret that everyone in the industry knows."

  A person in charge of a group farm in Hebei told the First Financial Reporter that each raccoon skin can be sold around 500 yuan, and the breeding cost of each raccoon is about 200 yuan, and the benefits are still good. However, if there is a problem in the breeding process, the quality of the leather is not good, and some people do not make money.

  Bad leather does not affect the sale of meat.

  According to public reports, in June 2014, the Food and Agricultural Products Testing Center of Shandong Inspection and Quarantine Bureau showed the mutton products containing fox meat and mink meat detected by the center.

  On a food investment website, the first financial reporter also inquired that mink meat and raccoon meat were for sale. The wholesale price of raccoon meat is 2.2 yuan per kilogram, which is far lower than the price of pork and beef.

A food business network sells information about mink meat and related meat grinding equipment.

A food business network sells information about mink meat and related meat grinding equipment.

  There is even a medical science popularization WeChat official account who issued a document saying, "For 2 yuan, if you want to eat beef sausage or pork sausage, it is basically impossible." "A more formal manufacturer will use chicken. Generally, the main ingredients are chicken breasts, chicken skin and duck skin, and then the main flavoring substances — — Pork essence, monascus red pigment, preservative, and filler starch to reduce cost. Some manufacturers may use fox meat, mink meat and so on. Because these meats come from farms, as long as the farms are fur, the meat is generally free. "

  On a professional website containing various academic journals, the First Financial Reporter inquired about many papers such as Development and Utilization of Raccoon Meat, Development of Cumin Raccoon Meat Enema, Study on Comprehensive Utilization of Raccoon Byproducts: Utilization of Raccoon Carcass Meat, etc.

  Among them, it is mentioned that "raccoon dogs are an important wild animal resource in northeast China, and in recent years, there are many artificial breeding in various places." "Most wild animal farms, after slaughtering and skinning, some smash raccoon meat as feed for fur animals, some dispose of it at a very cheap price, or even discard it", and "processing it into food can create higher profits for farms (households)".

  Some experts instructed in the paper that "because the carcass of raccoon dogs is small, it is not easy to be removed, and the meat of raccoon dogs has a slightly earthy smell, so it is made of ‘ Braised canned food ’ The process, and pay attention to adding condiments that can remove the earthy smell in the formula to improve the flavor and palatability of the product. " "In order to eliminate the odor of raccoon meat and improve its edibility, ‘ Spicy Sichuan sausage ’ The formula and its technology, the main processing steps include thawing-cleaning-removing tendons, connective tissues and fat-cutting into small pieces-soaking in clear water-mincing-seasoning-pickling-canning-steaming-smoking, etc. "

  Some experts in the industry have also calculated that the average raw material cost per kilogram of sausage is 5.98 yuan. If it is sold at 10 yuan/kg, the gross profit per kilogram can be 4.02 yuan. If 10,000 raccoon dog carcasses are processed every year, 14,737 kilograms of spicy Sichuan sausage can be produced, and the gross profit can be more than 59,000 yuan, with considerable benefits.

A raccoon and mink farm in Changli County, Hebei Province. Photography/Zhangke

A raccoon and mink farm in Changli County, Hebei Province. Photography/Zhangke

  There are hidden dangers in the wild animal meat in the farm.

  Are wild animal carcasses such as mink meat and raccoon meat from farms safe? According to insiders, unlike pork, beef and mutton, which are subject to strict inspection and quarantine, mink meat and raccoon meat are usually only used for fur, and their meat is usually not included in the range of meat food raw materials, and most of them are not inspected and quarantined.

  Experts such as Ren Qiao from the College of Animal Science and Technology of Qingdao Agricultural University introduced that on February 25, 2012, minks in a mink farm in Hongdao, Qingdao developed symptoms and then died in large numbers. The investigation found that the farm was fed with a mixed feed made by itself, and raw fish, chicken head, eggs, pig liver and puffed corn flour were mixed evenly and diluted before feeding. The symptoms of sick mink are depression, loss of appetite or no food. Most minks are paralyzed in hind limbs, with acute onset and high mortality. Through pathological autopsy and laboratory test, the initial diagnosis was Clostridium botulinum poisoning in mink.

  Ren Qiao introduced that mink Clostridium botulinum poisoning is an acute fatal poisoning caused by eating meat feed containing Clostridium botulinum toxin. Clostridium botulinum spores are widely distributed, and Clostridium botulinum is often contained in animal intestinal contents, feces, decaying corpses and decaying feed. The bacteria breed in animal carcasses, meat and feed to produce toxins. The main source of infection of Clostridium botulinum poisoning in mink is the feed contaminated by this bacterium.

  Bao Linlin, an expert from the Institute of Experimental Animals of China Academy of Medical Sciences, introduced that human H5N1 subtype avian influenza virus A/Vietnam/1203/2004 was selected to carry out artificial infection test on ferrets. The results showed that human H5N1 avian influenza virus could infect ferrets, and the mortality rate of virus titer was 33%. The virus can be isolated from the heart, liver, spleen, kidney, small intestine and brain tissues of infected ferrets, which shows that the virus can infect ferrets’ lungs, brains, livers, kidneys and other organs and cause nervous system infection, which has the same characteristics as the H5N1 avian influenza virus strain that infects people.

  In addition, some insiders told the First Financial Reporter that in order to increase the luster of mink, raccoon and other fur, farmers usually add some hormones during the breeding process, and people will do harm to their bodies after eating these animals.

  After the COVID-19 outbreak, 19 academicians and scholars jointly called for putting an end to the illegal consumption and trading of wild animals and controlling the major public health crisis from the source. According to the appeal letter, there are loopholes in the domestication and breeding of wild animals, which are often called protection, domestication or breeding. In fact, it is illegal to buy, sell and eat wild animals, laying a hidden danger for the trade and consumption of wild animals.

  According to the first financial reporter, recently, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan and other places have closed down artificial wild animal farms and breeding grounds, and prohibited wild animals from spreading, transporting and selling.

  "The trade and consumption of wild animals is mainly not a legislative issue, but more a problem of lax law enforcement." Shi Yucheng, a professor at Gansu University of Political Science and Law, said.

  Ran Jingcheng, a member of the Standardization Technical Committee of National Parks and Nature Reserves, also said a few days ago that scientific research on wildlife breeding technology should be increased, and those species that can promote economic development, poverty alleviation and rural employment should be encouraged to carry out technical research and publish technical standards. Fixed-point processing of artificially bred wild animals and strict quarantine procedures.

Eating fruit indiscriminately can lead to unconsciousness? !

  □ Tadpole Jun

  From spring to summer, fruits from all walks of life come as scheduled. If someone says at this time, you may not eat fruit. Do you believe it? However, some people really get sick because they can’t eat fruit, and some even have symptoms of unconsciousness and nonsense. What’s going on here?

  Maybe you should know how to eat fruit.

  "Eating litchi will get angry" is common sense?

  Recently, litchi has been on the market. Many people love litchi and know the saying: "One litchi has three fires." Because eating too much litchi will really make you feel thirsty, and in severe cases, there will be oral ulcers, so people usually think that "eating litchi will really get angry."

  In fact, eating too much litchi will cause dry mouth or oral ulcer, not because of excessive internal heat. The main reason is that litchi is a high-sugar fruit. High sugar will make your mouth in a hypertonic state, which will make you feel thirsty. At the same time, because litchi pulp is easy to plug in the teeth, high-sugar residues will also bring nutrients to bacteria in the mouth, leading to a large number of bacteria proliferation, causing oral ulcers, and even accompanied by symptoms such as gingival inflammation and swelling and pain.

  In addition, excessive consumption of litchi can also lead to "litchi disease".

  The main clinical manifestations of "litchi disease" are hypoglycemia, accompanied by symptoms such as pallor, dizziness, palpitation, hunger, sweating and fatigue. This is because litchi contains a lot of fructose, and it takes some time for fructose to enter the body and be converted into glucose. Insulin starts to consume glucose in the blood after eating litchi, and eating too much litchi increases satiety and affects the intake of other foods, resulting in hypoglycemia.

  If you have mild symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue and sweating after eating a lot of litchi in a short time, you can take glucose water or white sugar water first, and then go to the hospital in time.

  Therefore, doctors will suggest that adults should not consume more than 10 lychees a day, and 5-6 lychees are enough for children. Don’t eat too much.

  Eating sugar cane without drinking water, almost insane?

  During the Spring Festival last year, it suddenly became popular to eat sugar oranges. It was reported that a short video anchor showed off a basket of sugar oranges bought by her mother and ate them all, but he was delirious and was taken directly to the hospital.

  Not long ago, another news about mental disorder caused by eating oranges and sugar cane was hotly searched: a 40-year-old long-distance truck driver in Huizhou City, Guangdong Province, ate a lot of sugar cane every day for a week to quench his thirst. As a result, he was delirious and had symptoms of gibberish. His family rushed to the hospital for treatment. Fortunately, due to timely treatment, the man was fine.

  According to the doctor’s description, the man suffered from the above symptoms due to eating a lot of high-sugar fruits, insufficient drinking water during long-distance running, and excessive loss of water in his body, which led to his body being in a state of high sugar and hyperosmotic.

  The so-called hyperglycemic hyperosmotic state refers to the syndrome that the blood sugar is greater than 33.3mmol/L, accompanied by high plasma osmotic pressure and severe dehydration without obvious ketosis tendency. Hyperglycemia and hyperosmotic state is also called nonketotic hyperosmotic diabetic coma in clinic. It refers to the patient’s body is under stress, and the insulin secretion in the body is relatively insufficient. At this time, the insulin anti-regulation hormone secretion is greatly increased, and the liver sugar is released rapidly, resulting in severe hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia leads to hypertonic hyperglycemia, which will lead to mental abnormality, which is also one of the serious acute complications of diabetes, and even has the risk of death.

  This kind of emergency usually requires a lot of fluid replacement, intravenous application of insulin and sedatives and other rescue and treatment measures. Therefore, doctors remind "sugar friends" that the daily intake of fruits and types should be strictly cautious. Once symptoms such as dry mouth, excessive drinking and emaciation appear, blood sugar changes should be monitored in time.

  Distinguish between "high sugar" and "low sugar"

  Fruit is obviously beneficial to the human body, but why does it hurt the body?

  Based on the problem of sugar content, let’s first get a general understanding of the classification of fruits and how we should "eat fruits scientifically".

  Fruits can be divided into low-sugar fruits and high-sugar fruits. Low-sugar fruit refers to the fruit with less than 10 grams of sugar per 100 grams of fruit. Including lemon, watermelon, orange, grapefruit, peach, plum, apricot, loquat, pineapple, strawberry, cherry, cucumber, tomato, etc., the lowest sugar content is lemon; High-sugar fruits refer to fruits with a sugar content of more than 10 grams per 100 grams of fruits, and can be divided into the following two categories: fruits with a sugar content of 11-20 grams per 100 grams of fruits, including bananas, pomegranates, melons, oranges, apples, pears, grapes, lychees, mangoes, etc. Fruits with sugar content higher than 20g per 100g of fruit include persimmon, cantaloupe, winter jujube and hawthorn.

  Research shows that the sugar content in sugar orange is about 10%-11%, that is to say, every 100 grams of sugar orange contains about 10-11 grams of sugar. The sugar content of sugarcane is even higher, which is 17%-18%. Therefore, both of them are high-sugar fruits.

  How to eat fruit scientifically?

  In fact, the sugar mentioned here is mostly sucrose, glucose, fructose, etc. This kind of sugar is easily digested and absorbed by the body, so people’s blood sugar will increase significantly in a short time after eating. Therefore, how to grasp the amount, time, types of fruits and ways of eating is very knowledgeable.

  So how do you eat fruit?

  The first is to grasp the time of delicious fruit. Generally speaking, it is better to eat fruit between two meals (such as 10 am or 3 pm), so as to avoid overloading the pancreas with too much carbohydrates at one time. Generally speaking, it is not recommended to eat fruit immediately before or after meals.

  The type of fruit you eat should also be selected according to your physical condition. For example, if people with sugar control needs (diabetics), they should choose fruits with relatively low sugar content and slow blood sugar increase; If you are hypoglycemic, you can eat more high-sugar fruits to supplement your body’s sugar. For details, please refer to the above fruit classification.

  The second is the amount of fruit eaten. No matter how delicious the fruit is, it should be controlled. Don’t stop eating it. According to the Dietary Guidelines for China Residents published in 2021, the specific values of fruit intake of each age group are as follows: the intake of children aged 1-3 is 100-150g/day; The intake of children aged 4-6 is 150g/day; The intake of children aged 7-10 is 150-200g/day; The intake of children and adolescents aged 11-14 is 200-300g/day; The intake of teenagers aged 14-17 is 300-350g/day; The intake of adults over 18 years old is 200-350g/day; The intake of the elderly over 65 years old is 200-300g/day. Eating properly according to this amount should be relatively healthy.

  Finally, the way to eat fruit is suggested not to juice as much as possible, and it is better to eat fresh fruit directly. After the fruit is squeezed into juice, on the one hand, many nutrients will be lost during the juicing process, for example, vitamin C will be destroyed by oxidation, and on the other hand, a lot of dietary fiber and minerals will be wasted if the pomace is lost. So drinking juice looks healthy, but it’s not.

  Of course, the most important thing to remind everyone is that everything should adhere to the principle of moderation. This should be the secret of staying healthy forever.

  (Source Tadpole Staff)

Dress in fashion, not in price.

The beauty of human beings consists of three parts, namely, innate beauty, beautiful clothes, and beautiful manners and temperament. This article focuses on the beauty of dress.

It is generally believed that people look beautiful when they wear fashion.

However, now many people have realized that wearing fashionable clothes does not necessarily mean that clothes are expensive. Wearing expensive clothes does not necessarily mean that people are naturally beautiful.

People dress in fashion.

Mainly refers to the color of clothes and fabrics, and the clothes are fashionable. The most important factor is that the clothes people wear are appropriate and suitable. Pay attention to people’s hobbies, and wear clothes suitable for their body shape, skin color, professional characteristics, communication habits, psychological personality and so on. Not a fashionable dress looks beautiful on anyone.

Dressing in fashion does not mean that clothes are expensive.

Many people think that they have little money, and wearing expensive clothes will not reflect fashion, nor will it be beautiful. This statement is biased. Some stars go out, go to the entertainment stage, and go to interpersonal public places, showing great fashion. Everyone thinks that the clothes and accessories they wear are very expensive and piled up with money.

Actually, not completely. There are many celebrities wearing clothes that are cheaper, not as expensive as people think. Dong Qing, a famous program host, once said that some clothes she wears are only 50 yuan or a hundred pieces.

We often see the host of the program, wearing ordinary clothes. In contrast, some people are bent on buying high-end clothes, spending thousands of dollars on a dress and hundreds or thousands of dollars on a scarf. Do outsiders think fashion is beautiful in others’ eyes? Not really.

How to make yourself look fashionable and beautiful.

01 Follow the trend appropriately. Dressing in fashion can pay attention to the current recognition of members of society. Look at what people tend to wear, and wear it with them.

For example, young people love to wear jeans and feel energetic. The elderly people also wear jeans, and they still have a sense of fashion. It is also fashionable that some jeans manufacturers deliberately make knees or trouser legs into "rotten whiskers".

Be creative and fashionable. It is fashionable to dress up as a style and style by your own vision and appreciation, and be imitated by others.

For example, a lady will buy a silk scarf for seven or eight yuan, and it is typical fashion to boldly appear in the street to attract admiration with a kind of tying method she imagines, which matches her self-demeanor and self-confidence.

How to make the combination of wearing and human body beautiful and attractive.

The charm of people, after all, is graceful, beautiful, attractive and penetrating in interpersonal relationships, but also has personality shock and warmth.

To have this comprehensive charm, people must pay attention to their appearance. Dress neatly, pay special attention to appropriateness and collocation. We should also pay attention to the beauty of language posture.

Some people only wear expensive clothes, which are famous brands. They don’t pay attention to people’s self-cultivation. They talk too much, are rude, talk too much, dance too much, etc. Not only are they not beautiful, but they are also "ugly".

Beiqing: Li Tie verbally apologize for the Football Association "I don’t want to add trouble anymore"

Live broadcast November 30th. According to Beiqing report, Li Tie himself recently found Chen Yiyuan, chairman of the Chinese Football Association, profoundly self -review and sincere apology.mean.

For Li Tie’s future, the Chinese Football Association will submit a report to the superior management department. After approval, it will announce the final result through official channels in December.

Li Tie brought the country’s feet this afternoon to the last outdoor training of this closed training at the Taihu Taihu Football Base in Suzhou.Subsequently, the team will take one day on December 1 and be collectively transferred to Shanghai on December 2 to receive "independent observation".Because some Chinese Super League teams have recently come to Shanghai to prepare for the Chinese Super League, some of the national football will directly meet with the club troops, and the national football coaching team will not arrange any collective training in Shanghai.

Tell you quietly, one more lead can become so powerful, wild fishing is invincible

During the usual fishing, lead pendants are on the sub -line and eight -character ring, that is, the position of the leading leather seat of the pendant fishing. However, the water love is different, and the method of fishing for fishing must be changed. The reason why the master caught more than you is actually not much secret. The key is a "change" word. What fishing method never uses, nor is it obsessed with single lead or double lead, or some magical bait. For example, in order to increase the fishing nature of fish, we will move the lead, increase the length of the sub -line in disguise, and make the sub -line swinging the amplitude larger. Have time to eat bait.

Good people will have a heart of Barna Haichuan, can tolerate, tolerate, allow it, and help. Good people will have good thoughts. When they see others in trouble, they will reach out to help; when they see the weak are bullied, they will come forward. Good people always think too much for others. If you encounter something, you will think about it. I would rather lose myself, be aggrieved, and do not go to win or lose with others. Kind people, because they are not afraid of suffering, they will not suffer. There will be cause and effect in the world. Good and evil God will judge that you will pay back you will double you in the future. Good people, we, we must learn to understand the change of red dust, to understand calmness all the way; we, we must learn to forgive the imperfections of life, cherish, treat them well

In addition, in order to prevent the small fish from making a nest or a large flow of water, lead pendants are usually increased, and the space beans with fixed lead pendants are opened, which is what we often call fishing and running. Let the bait to the end quickly and use the stability of the large lead to reduce the effect of water flow on float. Through the above two examples, we will find a very interesting thing: it seems that there can be fishing anywhere in the online group, the position of the lead pendant is different, and the effect is different.

This is only the usage of single -lead pendants. In fact, in actual fishing, double -lead or even more lead fishing methods will be used many times. For example, when we fishing and running lead, although the weight of the lead pendant is greater than the buoyant of the float, the lead pendant itself has the entire buoyancy of the float. state. At this time, we must not only bear the buoyancy of the float, but also overcome the rubbing of the lead and the friction of the line group and the lead. The fishing is too blunt.

But at this time, if a double lead pendant, that is, two lead pendants are installed on the main line. First, use the lead pendant above to drift normally, such as adjusting 3 meters. Then use the lead pendant to run for lead. At this time, the lead pendant can only be exposed with a burden, which can be ignored, so the lead pendant will lie flat at the bottom of the water, but it is similar to the anchor -like fixation. effect. The line group can also slide easily in the lead leather seat, and the fish can swallow the bait into the mouth with only smaller strength, which will be much more sensitive than a single large lead pendant fishing and running lead.

In addition, if there is a sauce layer at the bottom of the water, we usually raise the fishing low. In order to prevent the bait from getting into the mud, we will also adjust the proportion of the bait very lightly. However, there will be a problem at this time, and there is no way to push the floats into the water when the double -hook bait hangs. For example, if we adjust the 6 meters, we will be exposed to the water surface after hanging the double bait. But at this time, what should I do if I want to get a bait suspended and the bottom of the bait? It is very simple. You can install a bite on the lower hook. This lead pendant does not need to consider the weight at all. The purpose is to let the lower hook bottom. However, at this time, the hook is still suspended. In this case, there is no need to consider the problem of drift. Fishing 1 or 2 mesh, the state of the bait in the bottom of the water must be a hook suspended and the bottom.

Even if you fish normally in the static waters, you can use double lead. For example, put a small lead pendant under the floating feet, so that the float can be quickly turned over. Make floating drift easier to find signals and positioning fishing points. However, when using a multi -lead pendant, you must consider the leading weight when bleaching, and you cannot interfere with the role of other lead pendants. The general principle is that whether it is a single lead or a double -lead pendant, it is adjusted according to the water and fish feelings. Don’t think that the double lead is tall, and the single lead will be out of date, otherwise it will be counterproductive.

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