The national autumn harvest is in sight.

  The autumn is cool and the rice is fragrant. Harvest China, the most beautiful picture.

  In the rice fields of Dafu Village, Zhuze Township, Ningdu County, Jiangxi Province, large harvesters are arranged in a row and rumble through the golden rice waves. "Soil testing, formula fertilization, irrigation and drainage management and protection are timely, and crops have withstood the test of high temperature. One acre has received more than 1,300 kilograms, an increase of more than 100 kilograms over previous years!" Wen Weiqing, the head of Fufeng Rice Professional Cooperative, was full of happiness.

  According to the latest agricultural dispatch of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, as of September 22nd, the national autumn grain harvest has reached 267 million mu, with the progress exceeding 20%, and the harvest of autumn grain is in sight.

  习近平总书记指出,“要牢牢把住粮食安全主动权,粮食生产年年要抓紧”“确保国家粮食安全和主要农产品有效供给,是发展农业的首要任务”。

  粮食安全是“国之大者”。扛稳粮食安全责任,秋粮生产一路走来,殊为不易。各地抗疫情、抓春播,防夏汛、抓田管,战旱情、保浇水,全力夺取秋粮丰收,亿万农民付出了辛勤汗水。

  金秋时节,乡间田野一派丰收好景象,亿万农民共庆好收成。增产、增收、增效,是农民内心最美的期盼。

  稳口粮、扩油料、稳玉米,农业结构调整显成效

  株株稻菽、粒粒粮食,希望的田野结构调整“实打实”。

  ——好政策进村下田,稳口粮底气更足。

  江苏省连云港市驼峰乡8万多亩水稻马上进入收割期。“拿着补贴来种粮,今年我调减了其他作物,种了更多的粮食!”种粮大户曹元锦说,靠着农机补贴,先后购进了收割机、插秧机、烘干机等设备,水稻生产实现全程机械化。

  “好政策为咱种粮人增实惠!从200亩到3000亩,种粮规模越来越大,如今田里长的都是‘订单粮’!”曹元锦很开心。

  政策给力,农民种粮能获利、多得利。

  Strengthen the protection of farmers’ income from growing grain, the state steadily raises the minimum purchase price of rice and wheat, and improves policies such as rice subsidies and subsidies for corn and soybean producers. Not long ago, the central government allocated 10 billion yuan to support the south in resisting high temperature and drought and ensuring autumn grain, alleviating the impact of the increase in grain production caused by the increase in agricultural prices, and further enhancing farmers’ enthusiasm for growing grain. Up to now, this year, the central government has distributed a total of 40 billion yuan of subsidy funds in three batches.

  — — The effect of compound planting is good, and there is a new way to expand oil.

  "Corn does not reduce production, and a crop of beans is added. Compound planting makes the grain growers profitable!" Zhou Liuming, a large grain grower in Yangying Village, Shicaoji Township, shenqiu county City, Henan Province, said.

  This year, Yangying Village has a new harvest scene: corn and soybeans are staggered, with full corn cobs on the corn stalks, and a string of pods on the soybeans grow gratifying.

  Zhou Liuming interplanted 900 mu of corn and soybeans in the field this year. "It is estimated that more than 500 kilograms of corn and more than 100 kilograms of soybeans will be harvested per mu. According to this year’s price, including the 200 yuan subsidy per mu, it is estimated that the income per mu will be more than 2,000 yuan." In order to promote the expansion of oil, this year, shenqiu county has developed 15,000 mu of soybean-corn strip compound planting by expanding the space, increasing the brightness and keeping the plants secret.

  Expand beans and oil, and it will be effective. This year, the compound planting area of corn and soybean strip reached more than 15 million mu, and more than 40,000 new business entities in 1047 counties of 16 provinces actively promoted the compound planting of corn and soybean strip to increase oil supply.

  — — Good varieties with good technology will lead to high and stable yield of corn.

  "The yield per mu is 706.6 kilograms!" In the 1000-mu demonstration area of Hezhuang Village, Jiuxian Town, Taihe County, Anhui Province, the expert group conducted field yield measurement and acceptance of "Luyu 9105". "According to the standardized planting of corn, the effective number of ears per mu is 4195, and the number of grains per ear is 563, which is high and stable." Chang Xingduo, chairman of Changxing Planting Professional Cooperative in Taihe County, is very happy.

  A series of new technologies, such as straw returning, reasonable close planting, timely sowing, green prevention and control, and timely irrigation and drainage, have been implemented, and Taihe County has ushered in another bumper harvest year. China agricultural outlook Report (2022— 2031) It is predicted that this year’s grain output will maintain steady growth on the basis of high level, which is expected to reach 688 million tons.

  Mechanized escort in the whole process of farming and harvesting, farmers’ scientific and technological farming shows their talents

  Let farmers grow the best grain with the best technology, and the fundamental way to stabilize and increase production lies in science and technology.

  — — The big agricultural machinery in the field gallops, and the particles return to the warehouse to help increase income.

  In Dongfeng Village, Pushun Town, Dianjiang County, Chongqing, contiguous rice has matured, and two large combine harvesters shuttle through the farmland. Cutting rice, threshing and breaking stalks … … Under the rotation of the harvester, the ears of rice instantly turn into golden grains. "Large agricultural machinery escorts, all receivables are collected, and particles are returned to the warehouse!" Zhao Fei, a grain farmer, said.

  This year, Zhao Fei planted more than 30 acres of rice. He carefully calculated the income of the machine: in the past, the cost of manual harvesting was one day in 200 yuan, and two people could only harvest one acre of land a day; Now the machine can harvest an acre of 80 yuan in 20 minutes, which is good and fast.

  Agricultural machinery has become a good helper, and the particles have been rushed to increase income. During the period of "Sanqiu" this year, 30 million sets of various agricultural machinery were invested in various places, and the yield of rice, corn and soybean exceeded 94%, 80% and 82% respectively.

  — — Digital agriculture takes root to help, and autumn grain production is more efficient.

  These days, in Beitaitou Township, Wei County, Hebei Province, Wang Yaohe, a large grain grower, drives a grain harvester to harvest mature corn. Wang Yaohe said that in cooperation with Sinochem Modern Agriculture Co., Ltd., a "good nanny" was invited for corn: the seeds and fertilizers supplied were of high quality, the intelligent platform sent field management information in real time, and the management and plant protection were followed up in time, and the income from growing grain increased by an average of two or three hundred yuan per mu.

  Modern agriculture is equipped with a "digital engine", and autumn grain production is inserted with scientific and technological wings. All localities and departments promote the deep integration of new technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data and cloud platforms with agricultural production, saving costs and increasing efficiency. Nine demonstration provinces of agricultural Internet of Things have been established nationwide, 100 pilot projects of digital agriculture have been built, and 426 application achievements and models of agricultural Internet of Things have been collected and published.

  — — Precision agriculture into the field "point irrigation", large-scale farming is easier.

  "Look at how full this grain is! This year’s harvest is good, and it is estimated that the yield per mu can be 1300 to 1400 Jin. " Wei Fangyue, a large grain grower in Xiaotan Village, Wangzhuang Town, Xun County, Henan Province, took a corn cob in his hand and said, "It’s all about keeping up with field management agronomy, unified fertilization, drone spraying and water-saving irrigation, and the harvest is much better than in previous years!"

  High-standard farmland projects have settled in the village, and Wei Fangyue has more confidence in growing grain: from helping several plots of land at home to planting 2430 mu of land now. "The stall is big, large-scale farming has a head start, and autumn planting and autumn harvest are easier." Wei Fangyue said.

  From knowing how to cultivate land to "wisdom" cultivation, agricultural science and technology escorted autumn grain production throughout the process. New technologies such as precision operation of agricultural machinery, soil testing and formula fertilization have been accelerated, and significant progress has been made in direct seeding of rice, mechanical harvesting of corn seeds and full mechanization of rape. The comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvesting in China exceeds 72%, and the contribution rate of agricultural scientific and technological progress in China exceeds 61%.

  Production is becoming better and greener, and the comprehensive benefits of agriculture are constantly improving.

  Promote agriculture by quality, promote agriculture by green, strengthen agriculture by brand, continuously improve the supply capacity of high-quality green products, and continuously improve the comprehensive benefits and competitiveness of agriculture.

  — — Green production, reduction and efficiency, and "profitable" farming.

  A bumper harvest is in sight in the granary of Northeast China, and a bumper harvest of 4,000 mu of rice is just around the corner in September Feng Family Farm, Yongji County, Jilin Province. For a long time, Jianbo Xiao, the head of the farm, insisted on unified prevention and control and green prevention and control to promote the reduction of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and increase efficiency.

  Speaking of the benefits of green grain growing, Jianbo Xiao started the conversation: "Plant protection drone operation can prevent rice blast, saving water by 90%. Green prevention and control can reduce the application of chemical pesticides by one or two times; Returning straw to the field promotes the reduction and efficiency of chemical fertilizers, and reduces chemical fertilizers by 20% on the farm. "

  Autumn grain production has a stronger green background. All regions and departments have promoted the green development of agriculture, promoted scientific fertilization, water-saving irrigation, green prevention and control and other cost-saving and efficient technologies. The utilization rate of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has exceeded 40%, and the usage has been negative for many years, which has effectively promoted the increase of production and efficiency. At present, more than 150 sets of green prevention and control models have been integrated and promoted nationwide, and the national green prevention and control area has reached 1.2 billion mu, and the coverage rate has increased by 4 percentage points.

  — — Ecological breeding, "double harvest in one field".

  The demonstration base of rice, fish and breeding in Liujiahu Village, Ziyang District, Yiyang City, Hunan Province, is full of smiles for men, women and children. "The masses are ecologically planting and raising cultivated land, and the grain yield per mu is expected to exceed 1,000 kilograms, increasing the income by 1,000 yuan." Xie Wei, director of Ziyang District Natural Resources Bureau, introduced.

  Since the beginning of this year, in order to tap the potential of increasing the income of cultivated land, the local villagers have been encouraged to explore the modes of "fish rice, shrimp rice, frog rice, etc." in restoring cultivated land. Xie Shao said that at present, Ziyang District has achieved a steady increase in cultivated area and grain production capacity by promoting this method.

  In 2021, the comprehensive planting area of rice and fishery in China was 39.66 million mu, the output of rice was about 20 million tons, and the output of aquatic products was 3.56 million tons, which drove farmers to increase their income by more than 60 billion yuan.

  — — Products are of high quality, and the value of agricultural products is unusual.

  "Boom … …” Recently, Fang Yefu, a villager, was shelling the newly harvested rice with mechanical equipment at Weimin Rice Factory in Gaojiping Village, Ziyang Township, Shangyou County, Jiangxi Province. Here, selenium-enriched ecological rice has become a brand rice sold in bags after processing.

  "Good ecology produces good rice, with ‘ Golden hill for the people ’ Brand, the price of our rice is unusual, which is 2.5 times higher than that of ordinary rice per catty, and the fine selenium-enriched rice is sold to 38 yuan per catty. " Fang Yefu said that relying on good quality, the organic rice produced today has received orders from airlines.

  All localities have made all-round efforts in variety cultivation, quality improvement, brand building and standardized production, accelerated the filling of logistics shortcomings, developed grain processing, extended the grain industry chain, promoted the development of agriculture by quality, strengthened agriculture by brands, and encouraged more farmers to drum up "money bags". At present, the qualified rate of routine monitoring of agricultural products quality and safety in China is stable at over 97.5%, and the cumulative number of green, organic and geographical indication agricultural products reaches 62,000.

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3 high temperature day strikes! Why is Meiyu so "weird" this year?

Hangzhou next door is out of plums today. Is Shanghai this year?

Today is another day of "full heat". At 12 o’clock in the Shanghai Central Meteorological Observatory, a high -temperature yellow warning signal: Affected by the high pressure of the Western Pacific subtropical high pressure, it is expected that the highest temperature in the central urban area, Jiading, Minhang, Qingpu, Songjiang, Pudong, and Baoshan will exceed 35 ° C.

In the case of one, since June 22nd to today, there have been 3 high temperature days in Shanghai. According to the data released by the Shanghai Central Meteorological Observatory, the next week, Shencheng will also be on the edge of a subtropical high pressure. The highest temperature frequently impacts the high temperature line of 35 ° C, which is a week when the heat wave rolled.

Not only that, the good rainfall is going to "let the pigeons"! Dr. Rui Rui, the chief service officer of the Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, said that at present, the rain belt of Jiangnan will be lifted north next week, and the distance between the north is still very high. I am afraid that the rainfall next week will drift away again.

Why is Meiyu so "weird" this year? High temperature+rainy rain, is it the legendary "dry yellow plum"? In fact, in meteorology, there is no saying of "dry Huangmei". Similarly, the nouns such as "plum" and "empty plum". Wu Rui explained that this year’s Meiyu is "atypical Meiyu". Because the Jiangnan rain belt this year is relatively south, Shanghai is on the edge of the rain belt during this time. Over the city, Shencheng came to the control of the subtropical high pressure, and it was sunny and hot.

In the sense of meteorology, there is no "dry Huangmei", only "withered plum" and "empty plum". Wu Rui introduced that "withered plum" refers to the rainy date and the amount of precipitation on the rainy day, and when the rainfall is more than half lower than in previous years, it is called "withered plum"; Few, only a few times.

Hangzhou next door has announced that Mei has been announced today, so when will the "atypical Meiyu" in Shanghai go this year? Is it "dry plum" or "Kongmei" this year? It is also necessary to wait for the subsequent rain belt to judge again.

But it is certain that high temperature will last for a while. According to predictions, the lowest temperature next Monday and two cities will start from 28 ° C, and the maximum temperature will reach 35 ° C.